# Fast and Efficient Algorithms for Video Compression and Rate Control

by Dzung Tien Hoang and Jeffrey Scott Vitter.

# Analyzed rate distortion model in standard video codecs for rate control

by Rezaei, M.; Gabbouj, M.; Wenger, S.

# Adaptive Rate Control for JVT

by Zhengguo Li, Feng Pan, Keng Pang Lim, Genan Feng, Xiao Lin and Susanto Rahardja.

http://ftp3.itu.ch/av-arch/jvt-site/2002_12_Awaji/JVT-F019r1.doc

# Optimum Bit Allocation and Rate Control for H.264/AVC

by Zhengguo Li, Feng Pan, Keng Pang Lim, Genan Feng, Xiao Lin and Susanto Rahardja.

The authors says “In this proposal, we present an adaptive picture layer rate control scheme for JVT by introducing a linear model to predict the mean absolute difference (MAD) of current picture by that of previous picture.”

http://ftp3.itu.ch/av-arch/jvt-site/2005_04_Busan/JVT-O016.doc

# A Fast Bits Estimation Method for Rate-Distortion Optimization in H.264/AVC

by Quqing Chen, Yun He.

“In this paper, a simple and fast bits estimation method for entropy coding is proposed

and used in RDO so that the number of entropy-coded bits can be quickly predicted

without entropy coding”.

# Rate-Distortion optimal joint macroblock mode selection and motion estimation for MPEG-like video coders

A paper by Hyungjoon Kim and Yucel Altunbasak that describes a proposed “a joint macroblock mode

selection and motion estimation by employing a computationally efficient, yet highly-effective rate-distortion model”.

http://www.ece.gatech.edu/research/labs/MCCL/pubs/dwnlds/kim_icip04_1.pdf

# Rate-Distortion Optimization for Video Compression

by Gary J. Sullivan and Thomas Wiegand.

http://citeseer.ist.psu.edu/sullivan98ratedistortion.html

# Notes on “Rate-Distortion Methods for Image and Video Compression”

by A. Ortega and K. Ramchandran (IEEE Signal Processing Magazine Nov. 1998 pp. 23 – 50)

# A Frame-Layer Rate Control Algorithm for H.264 Using Rate-Dependent Mode Selection

A article by Jun-Yup Kim, Seung-Hwan Kim, and Yo-Sung Ho that describes a proposed new bit

allocation scheme for intra frame and inter frame.

http://rbrc.gist.ac.kr/paper/56.pdf

# Efficient Cost Measures for Motion Estimation at Low Bit Rates

by Dzung T. Hoang, Philip M. Long, and Jeffrey Scott Vitter, Fellow, IEEE.

The authors says “We present and compare methods for choosing

motion vectors for block-based motion-compensated video coding”.

http://citeseer.ist.psu.edu/hoang98efficient.html

# Video Bit-Rate Control with Spline. Approximated Rate-Distortion Characteristics

by Liang-Jin Lin.

The author says “The control scheme defined in MPEG Test Model 5 provides

a solution with very light computational overhead. However, the results are not

always good for any given video sequence and channel rates. It is also difficult

to adjust parameters to improve the quality without the help of some trial and

error encoding tests. Moreover, it does not control the buer to prevent buer

overflow. Several rate-distortion (R-D) based techniques have been proposed.

The new approaches solved all these problems and generate better and more

stable results. However, these approaches are complex because they require the

R-D characteristics of the input data to be measured before making quantization

assignment decisions.

In this research, we show how the complexity of computing the R-D data can be

reduced without reducing too much the performance of the optimization procedure.”

http://sipi.usc.edu/~ortega/PhDTheses/LiangjinLin.pdf